Bacterial meningitis is a serious disease that can lead to paralysis, stroke, and even death. Read more on how to treat and prevent it.Author: Erica Roth.
Seminar 3036 www.thelancet.com Vol 388 December 17/24/31, 2016 Acute bacterial meningitis in adults Fiona McGill, Robert S Heyderman, Stavros Panagiotou, Allan R Tunkel, Tom Solomon Over the past several decades, the incidence of bacterial meningitis in children has decreased but there remains a.
What is meningitis? Meningitis is an infection of the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be caused by a bacterial, fungal or viral infection. Meningitis can be acute, with a quick onset of symptoms, it can be chronic, lasting a month or more, or it can be mild or aseptic.
Signs and symptoms of meningitis in children and adults vary slightly to those in babies and toddlers. Meningitis and septicaemia often happen together so be aware of all the signs and symptoms. Meningitis symptoms can appear in any order and so might not appear at all, so trust your instincts.
Untreated, bacterial meningitis is almost always fatal. Viral meningitis, in contrast, tends to resolve spontaneously and is rarely fatal. With treatment, mortality (risk of death) from bacterial meningitis depends on the age of the person and the underlying cause. Of newborns, 20–30% may die from an episode of bacterial meningitis.Medication: Antibiotics, antivirals, steroids.